In 1992 Cliffor d C. Clogg published a landmark paper in Statistical Science highlightin g the impacts of statistical methodology on sociology and of sociologica l methodology on statistics. The paper, with four comments and Clogg’s r eply, all focused on empirics. Earlier, Robert K. Merton (1949) had disc ussed the reciprocal impacts of theory and empirics in sociology and Jam es S. Coleman (1964) had observed that “in the development of any scienc e, two things are crucial: systematic empirical study and systematic con ceptual elaboration … [and each] requires its special tools.” Thus, we r epresent a science by the fourfold classification above. And to visualiz e the interplay across disciplines, we trace the lines from one or more of the four cells for one discipline to one or more of the four cells fo r another.

**“How Sociology Advances Statistics”**

As Clogg understood, substantive questions sometimes arise in sociol ogy for which there is no ready answer. To illustrate, consider status, which is thought to increase at an increasing rate with rank on characte ristics like beauty and wealth, generating a standard exponential distri bution. But suppose that status arises from multiple characteristics, an d suppose further that these characteristics are differently associated (positive, negative, independent). It was already known that if two char acteristics are equally weighted and independent, the ensuing status dis tribution is Erlang. But what if two characteristics are perfectly negat ively associated? In this case, the sociological question led to deriva tion of a new status distribution, which was christened the ring(2)-expo nential and which in turn led to two new families of distributions which may prove useful in statistics and in other applications in science and engineering.

**About Guillermina Jasso **

Guil lermina Jasso is Silver Professor of Arts and Science and Professor of S ociology at New York University. She was the founding director of the Me thods Workshop at New York University (1991–1997) and the founding direc tor of the Theory Workshop at the University of Iowa (1988–1991), as wel l as a co-founder of the Life Course Center at the University of Minneso ta. She served as Special Assistant to the Commissioner of the U.S. Immi gration and Naturalization Service (1977–1979) and as Director of Resear ch for the U.S. Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy (197 9–1980). She served as Chair of the Department of Sociology at New York University in 2012–2015.

Jasso has written extensively on basic so ciobehavioral theory, inequality, distributive justice, status, internat ional migration, probability distributions, mathematical methods for the oretical analysis, and factorial survey methods for empirical analysis. Her contributions include a mathematical formula for fairness assessment , a formula showing how overall injustice can be decomposed into injusti ce due to poverty and injustice due to inequality, and two new families of probability distributions. She has published widely in scholarly jour nals, including two articles which won awards from the Population Sectio n of the American Sociological Association and the Law and Society Assoc iation. She is a Principal Investigator of the New Immigrant Survey, the first national longitudinal survey of immigrants in the United States.

For more details: https://events.la.psu.edu/event/cml-guillermina -jasso_04-03-24/

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