In 1992 Cliffor d C. Clogg published a landmark paper in Statistical Science highlightin g the impacts of statistical methodology on sociology and of sociologica l methodology on statistics. The paper, with four comments and Clogg’s r eply, all focused on empirics. Earlier, Robert K. Merton (1949) had disc ussed the reciprocal impacts of theory and empirics in sociology and Jam es S. Coleman (1964) had observed that “in the development of any scienc e, two things are crucial: systematic empirical study and systematic con ceptual elaboration … [and each] requires its special tools.” Thus, we r epresent a science by the fourfold classification above. And to visualiz e the interplay across disciplines, we trace the lines from one or more of the four cells for one discipline to one or more of the four cells fo r another.

**“How Statistics Advances Sociology”**

To complement Clogg's work, we focus on sociological theory, using e xamples from the study of inequality, fairness, status, and immigration. We highlight two sets of statistical tools—probability distributions a nd theorems on the variance. For example, we show that in a society with two subgroups based on a categorical characteristic (e.g., race) and in come modeled by classical continuous distributions, whether intersubgrou p conflict increases or decreases with the proportion in the disadvantag ed subgroup depends on the specific form of the income distribution, as do the proportions integrationist and segregationist. The second tool co nsists of fundamental theorems on the variance, which lead to prediction s about, for example, the effect on wage inequality of the number and as sociation of the personal characteristics rewarded.

**About
Guillermina Jasso **

Guillermina Jasso is Silver Professor of Arts and Science and Professor of Sociology at New York University. S he was the founding director of the Methods Workshop at New York Univers ity (1991–1997) and the founding director of the Theory Workshop at the University of Iowa (1988–1991), as well as a co-founder of the Life Cour se Center at the University of Minnesota. She served as Special Assistan t to the Commissioner of the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (1977–1979) and as Director of Research for the U.S. Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy (1979–1980). She served as Chair of th e Department of Sociology at New York University in 2012–2015.

Jas so has written extensively on basic sociobehavioral theory, inequality, distributive justice, status, international migration, probability distr ibutions, mathematical methods for theoretical analysis, and factorial s urvey methods for empirical analysis. Her contributions include a mathem atical formula for fairness assessment, a formula showing how overall in justice can be decomposed into injustice due to poverty and injustice du e to inequality, and two new families of probability distributions. She has published widely in scholarly journals, including two articles which won awards from the Population Section of the American Sociological Ass ociation and the Law and Society Association. She is a Principal Investi gator of the New Immigrant Survey, the first national longitudinal survey of immigrants in the United States.

For more details: https://e vents.la.psu.edu/event/cml-guillermina-jasso_04-02-24/

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